Many people have gum disease and are not even aware of it. This chronic condition has a link to other diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes. Education about this topic is essential for its prevention. If you are looking to learn more about periodontal disease and its effects, consider these three things.
1. Stages of Gum Disease
There are two primary stages of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontal disease. Gingivitis, the earliest form of gum disease, is reversible. Bleeding and sore gums are warning signs of this condition. Better oral hygiene can undo the effects of gingivitis. If left untreated, though, gingivitis turns into periodontitis. Periodontal disease is more severe than gingivitis. It can lead to tooth loss and receding gums.
2. Treatment for Gum Disease
Treatment for gum disease depends on the stage at which a dentist diagnoses it. If the condition has progressed to periodontal disease, a dentist may recommend wavelength optimized periodontal treatment. This laser procedure disrupts harmful bacteria that cause gum disease. After treatment, patients should visit a dentist regularly to monitor gum disease progression. The goal of treatment is to stop the detrimental effects of periodontitis on the teeth and gums.
3. Prevention of Gum Disease
Fortunately, gum disease is a preventable condition. Routine dental care and good oral hygiene are keys to the prevention of this condition. Patients who are unsure of what type of daily hygiene regimen they need should consult with a dentist or dental hygienist. This way, the patient can start a hygiene routine consisting of proper brushing, flossing, and rinsing.
If you want to get on the right track to dental health, set up a consultation with a dentist today. If you have periodontal disease, the dentist may refer you to a periodontist, a dentist who specializes in gum treatment.