Late marriages, multiple sex partners and late pregnancy have contributed to incidence of cancer among women, of which breast and cervical cancers are the commonest forms, they said.
“Two per cent of the Indian women suffering from cancer are in 20 to 30 years age group, 16 per cent are in 30 to 40, 28 per cent are in 40 to 50 age group. So, almost 46 per cent women patients are below 50,” said Sameer Kaul, Senior Consultant of Surgical Oncology at Indraprastha Apollo Hospital in New Delhi.
He said an increasing number of patients are in the 25 to 40 years of age, which is an “alarming” situation.
Since discussing private body parts is a taboo in many communities in India, women prefer to remain silent until their condition becomes unbearable or incurable, Mr Kaul said.
“Discomfort with the process of diagnosis and treatment is an additional concern. Research conducted in other countries suggests women perceive mammography exams as uncomfortable, and these feelings are shared by women in India too,” he said.
The disease, especially breast and ovarian cancer, also carries a stigma for women, he said.
According to the National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research (NICPR), one woman dies of cervical cancer every eight minutes in India.
For every two women newly diagnosed with breast cancer, one woman dies of it in India. The data also shows that as many as 2,500 persons die every day due to tobacco-related diseases in India.
Mr Kaul said more young women seem to suffer from breast cancer these days than older women.
“Young breast cancer patients have special concerns. Their cancers tend to be more advanced, more aggressive, more likely to be caused by an inherited defective gene, and may respond differently to treatment than do breast tumours in older women.”
“Issues of infertility, body image, and the disease’s impact on family life, relationships, career and finances also are different for younger women,” said Mr Kaul.
Agreed Priyanku Sachdev, oncologist at Safdarjung hospital here, who said tobacco abuse, hereditary factor and bad lifestyle choices are among the emerging factors contributing to cancer among women.
“While tobacco is the leading contributor to cancer, about 40 per cent cases can be ascribed causes such as unhealthy eating and bad sexual habits,” Ms Sachdev said.
“By the time people consult doctors, their cancer is in the advanced stage. A wound that does not heal, cough, stubborn fever, lumps, change in any mole and bleeding, etc., are generally the first warning signs that the body gives. So, one should be prompt in seeing the doctor,” said Ms Sachdev.